Sexual Assault Training & Investigations

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SATI e-News: 
May 25, 2005

 Brought to you by SATI, Inc.
Sexual Assault Training and Investigation

In this issue:
Sexual Assault News

  • Federal Funding At Risk: Call Your Representatives

  • Sex Offenders Living in Nursing Homes

  • Defense Department Surveys Academy Sex Assaults

  • Tax Check-off in Support of California's Rape Crisis Centers

SATI/EVAW International News

  • International Sexual Assault and Stalking Conference, Baltimore, MD – October 3-5, 2005

  • OVW Rural Grantee Scholarship Opportunity

  • Scholarship Opportunity for Sexual Assault Forensic Examiner Course

Promising Practices

  • From the Desk of the Training Director: Time Limits for Conducting a Forensic Examination: Can Biological Evidence be Recovered 24, 36, 72, 84 or 96 Hours Following a Sexual Assault?

Requests for Information and Assistance

  • Need to Identify Trainers and Curriculum Designed to Assist Law Enforcement with Meeting the Needs of Immigrant Women and Sexual Assault Investigations within Correctional Institutions

  • Intelligence Tool Needed to Provide Law Enforcement with Information about CODIS Hits where Prosecution cannot be Sought after Statute of Limitations has Expired

  • Sexual Assault Awareness March in New York City

Forensic News: DNA News from Around the United States & Abroad

  • DNA Legislation

  • DNA Funding Issues

    • NIJ has awarded $14 million in grants for cold case squads

    • Oregon—Private citizens donate $14,000 to assist with state’s DNA backlog

    • Massachusetts—Legislators searching for more funding to address DNA backlog

    • In Texas, Senate budget proposal would send 50 full-time workers into state crime labs

    • Louisiana crime lab faces fiscal problems

  • DNA Challenges

    • Court upholds law requiring people on probation to submit to DNA

    • Houston crime lab should be accredited within 90 days-with the exception of the DNA Lab

    • Accreditation is a must for Texas crime labs

  • DNA Hits

    • Vermont—Backlog problems resulted in 5-year wait for DNA analysis of the killer’s sample

    • Washington—DNA ties suspect to ’03 murder

    • Minnesota—DNA database links a juvenile to two rapes

    • Arizona—DNA evidence has linked a man to 3 sexual assaults

    • Florida—Serial rapist identified through cold hit

Featured Resources

  • NCIS Provides an Excellent Example of an Appropriate Waiver for Sexual Assault Victims

  • Voices of Courage, Inspiration from Survivors of Sexual Assault

  • PCAR, NSVRC Offer Online Library

  • Understanding Sexual Violence in the Deaf Community

  • New Guide: Title IX Requires Colleges & Universities to Eliminate the Hostile Environment Caused by Campus Sexual Assault

  • American Indians and Crime: A BJS Statistical Profile, 1992-2002

Upcoming Conferences


Sexual Assault News

Federal Funding At Risk: Call Your Representatives!
If you have already called or emailed, thanks! If not, please do so as soon as possible It's critical. In addition to rescinding the carry over balance of the VOCA funds, the administration wants to take all the money that will be deposited in the fund in FY06. That means that there would be NO MONEY in the VOCA fund at the beginning of FY07. Please call now and let your representatives know how vital that money is to crime victims and the criminal justice process. Call, email or fax your Congressional delegation and urge them to SAVE THE FUND by opposing the Administration's proposal to rescind the Crime Victims Fund. Contact both Senators at to access their web email. To find out which Congressperson represents you and to access their email, please go to
Sex offenders living in nursing homes
April 24, 2005

By Lori Rackl and Chris Fusco,  Staff Reporters
Twice convicted of molesting children in Lake County, Thomas Kolze did his time in prison before being paroled to a nursing home in June 2003 because of heart and kidney problems. A caseworker assumed he wouldn't be a threat to elderly residents at Bement Health Care Center in central Illinois. After all, his past sex crimes involved children, not adults.
Less than six months later, a nurse aide spotted Kolze in the TV room rubbing an Alzheimer's patient's thighs and arms as she sat in a wheelchair, according to a state inspection report. Not long after, another employee saw Kolze cheek-to-cheek in the TV room touching the chest of another woman with dementia. Kolze, now 61, was sent back to prison, but he's out again. He's one of 100 registered sex offenders living in 54 nursing homes, other long-term care facilities and supportive living centers throughout Illinois, a Chicago Sun-Times investigation has found. (Read More)
Defense Dept. Surveys Academy Sex Assaults
By Daniel de Vise – - March 19, 2005
One female student in seven attending the nation's military academies last spring said she had been sexually assaulted since becoming a cadet or midshipman, according to a report on the first survey of sexual misconduct on the three campuses released yesterday by the Defense Department.
More than half the women studying at the Naval, Air Force and Army academies reported experiencing some form of sexual harassment on campus, according to survey responses. But few of those incidents, and only a third of the assaults, were reported to authorities. A new confidentiality policy for assault victims, also released yesterday, attempts to improve reporting of sex crimes on military campuses. (Read More)
Tax Check-off in Support of California's Rape Crisis Centers
"Each day in California brings a growing list of victims to the crime of rape. These victims need help and it's time we stepped forward." With that Clarion, Assemblymember Gloria Negrete McLeod (D-Chino) has announced that she has introduced Assembly Bill 190, a measure which will allow all Californians to donate through the state income tax check-off program to support the California Coalition Against Sexual Assault (CALCASA) and the statewide network of Rape Crisis Centers that serve victims throughout California. (Read More)

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SATI/EVAW International News
International Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence
and Stalking Conference
Baltimore, MD – October 3-5, 2005

EVAW International apologizes to those persons who recently tried to register online and were unable to do so. The recent downtime was necessitated by a change of security settings in the payment gateway and reprogramming to meet new security requirements. The site is again operational for online registration.
The Executive Director of EVAW International just returned from doing a site visit at the Renaissance Harborplace Hotel on the Inner Harbor. The location is superb. Although there is plenty to do and see within walking distance of the conference hotel, Baltimore also has a number of attractions in outlying areas that could keep you busy for days. You might want to consider visiting Annapolis, home of the US Naval Academy and of course Washington DC is a short train ride or drive away with it’s monuments, memorials, museums, galleries, festivals and special events.
Besides the great location, the conference agenda has something for everyone. Please join fellow law enforcement personnel, prosecutors, victim advocates, judges, parole and probation officers, correctional officers, rape crisis workers, medical personnel, faith community members, educators and others in this 3-day conference highlighting promising practices and emerging issues in sexual assault, domestic violence and stalking. This conference has 42 dynamic sessions with over 36 experts presenting. Several modules developed for the On-Line Training Institute with a grant from the Office on Violence Against Women will be showcased at the conference.

A detailed agenda, biographical sketches for each speaker and abstracts for each session can be downloaded from our web site. Go to the Baltimore Conference Home Page for conference details and to register on line.

OVW Rural Grantee Scholarship Opportunity

EVAW International received a grant from the Office on Violence Against Women to provide multidisciplinary training opportunities to rural and/or remote areas. This conference is an approved training to be attended by Rural Domestic Violence and Child Victimization Enforcement Grant Program grantees. 100 scholarships are available and will be provided on a first come, first serve basis. However, preference will be given to communities that apply as a multi-disciplinary team. Please complete the registration form. In the payment section, note "OVW Rural Grantee" and provide your grant number. For applications go to the EVAW International Scholarship Opportunities page.

Scholarship Opportunity for Sexual Assault Forensic Examiner Course

The Sexual Assault Response Teams of Palomar Pomerado Health and University Community Medical Center is sponsoring a 5 day Sexual Assault Forensic Examiner Course, June 27-July 1, 2005. EVAW International has been provided with one scholarship that covers the registration fee only. The course will be held at the Department of Health Services in Escondido, California (north San Diego County). (Read More)

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Promising Practices
From the Desk of the Training Director:
Time Limits for Conducting a Forensic Examination:
Can Biological Evidence be Recovered 24, 36, 48, 72,
84 or 96 Hours Following a Sexual Assault?

By Joanne Archambault, SATI Founder and Training Director

In the last year or so, I have received more and more requests for information to clarify what the timeline should be for conducting a forensic examination following a victim’s report of a sexual assault. These requests have come from around the country, from forensic examiners and other medical professionals, as well as law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and even victim advocacy organizations. And while I have tried to provide concrete guidance regarding the time limits for the forensic examination, I have to admit that I find questions such as these fascinating – because they are so often steeped in traditions of doing things just because "we’ve always done it that way." In fact, I have always been intrigued with the historical reasons why institutions such as law enforcement agencies and health care facilities do things certain ways.
When I travel and train around the country, I often ask the professionals I meet who are working in the field of sexual assault about the origin of a particular policy or practice. Many times, they will respond by saying that "it’s just the way it’s always been done," but few know the history of how or why the decision was made. To illustrate, the San Diego Police Department has used a 72-hour cutoff for sexual assault forensic examinations since the 1970’s, for children, adolescents and adults alike. Of course, this is as long as most San Diego police officers can remember – "the way it’s always been done." Yet few know when or why the practice was started.
In fact, most communities continue to use a 72-hour rule so that forensic examinations are authorized, ordered, and conducted within a 72-hour period following the sexual assault. However, I have traveled to communities where law enforcement and forensic examiners use 96 hours as their cutoff. Oregon uses a very unique 84 hours. Unfortunately, some jurisdictions still use a very narrow 24-hour cutoff, with forensic examinations only being conducted within a single day of the sexual assault. Frankly, I think such an extreme cutoff of 24 hours is tragic for sexual assault victims who rarely report the crime within this timeline.
Yet the saddest part is that many times these rules are applied rigidly, so that a victim reporting a sexual assault even 1 hour outside the timeline is refused a forensic examination. I have personally seen forensic examiners refuse to do an exam at 73 hours after a sexual assault. I’ve also seen plenty of situations where law enforcement officers refuse to authorize an exam because it doesn’t meet the exact criteria established in their jurisdiction, even though I thought there was a reasonable probability that they would still be able to collect and document forensic evidence based on the facts of the case. The purpose of this month’s "Promising Practices" article is to challenge such rigid guidelines and to encourage forensic examiners and law enforcement professionals to make the determination regarding whether or not to conduct a forensic examination on a case-by-case basis, by evaluating the likelihood that probative evidence would be recovered. Prosecutors might also need to prepare to have an expert testify as to why an exam was or was not conducted.
To me, the bottom line is that whatever time cutoff is adopted in a community for the time limits for a forensic examination -- whether it is 72 hours, 96 hours, or even 24 hours -- we must all recognize that these cutoffs should be used only as guidelines and not rigid policies. Depending on the situation, it will often make sense to conduct a forensic examination outside that window of time. In fact, this determination can really only be made on the basis of carefully considering the facts of the case and the potential for recovering probative evidence from the forensic examination. But now I’m getting ahead of myself. First let’s look a bit more carefully at the history of the "72-hour rule" and see where it came from and whether it is supported by the scientific evidence.
The history of the "72-hour rule"
When we step back, it seems clear that the question of time limits for conducting a forensic examination should be based on the scientific evidence regarding how long evidence is likely to last on the body of the victim of a sexual assault. Thus, when I ask professionals in the sexual assault field, I am typically told that the 72-hour cutoff is used because biological and perhaps even trace evidence are only likely to be successfully recovered from the victim’s body within a window of time ranging from 24-96 hours. Yet many of these professionals are surprised to learn that the timeline of 72 hours really has little to do with standards established by the forensic science community.
In fact, the 72 hour cutoff was established by the medical community because it is generally considered the window of opportunity for successfully treating victims of sexual violence for sexually transmitted infections (STI’s) and any pregnancy that might have resulted from the sexual assault (citation 1). It has very little to do with the likelihood of recovering forensic evidence. This comes as a surprise to many professionals in the field of sexual assault. Yet it shouldn’t. (Read More)

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Requests for Information and Assistance

SATI, Inc. has received a request to identify trainers and training curriculum that specifically address protocols for law enforcement responding to the needs of immigrant women.
SATI has also received a number of requests to identify trainers and curriculum to address the investigation of sexual assaults within correctional facilities.
If you can provide a referral or resource, please e-mail

Intelligence Tool Needed to Assist Law Enforcement

SATI, Inc. was recently contact by Sergeant Patrick Welsh at Dallas PD. Sergeant Welsh reported the following:
In September 2002, a sexual assault victim contacted Sergeant Welsh and requested that he re-open her case, using today’s DNA technology to solve her case. The offense occurred in September 1983. The unknown suspect entered the victim's apartment in the middle of the night and sexually assaulted her at knife point. The suspect then waited until the victim’s female room mate came home. He then sexually assaulted her friend as well. DNA was recovered from the unidentified attacker during the sexual assault forensic examination of one of the victims. In September 2003, the forensic unknown was entered into CODIS.
On April 19, 2005, CODIS identified a match. The rapist was identified by the hit. He is currently in a Colorado State Prison for a felony DWI. It was the DWI conviction that allowed his DNA to be entered into CODIS. Unfortunately the Texas statute of limitations prior to 1996 was 5 years, therefore no prosecution can be sought for the two rapes. From this point forward, nothing can be done to the suspect regarding these heinous crimes and there is no record other than Sergeant Welsh’s personal files and the knowledge held by Colorado’s state level of CODIS.
This suspect is due to be released in October and will not be on parole. Sergeant Welsh and SATI, Inc. are adamant that the criminal justice community needs to know about this suspect’s background, including these offenses if he commits another crime. SATI, Inc. encouraged Sergeant Welsh to contact Debbie and Rob Smith. They are currently exploring whether NCIC could be used to document hits where no prosecution can be sought. It is clear that this type of scenario will only increase as the CODIS data base increases and old cases get worked in crime laboratories. If you have similar concerns, cases or suggestions, please contact Sergeant Welsh at Dallas PD (214) 671-3593, e-mail him at or you can forward any information to
Congratulations to Dallas PD for working cases beyond the statute of limitations and also to Sergeant Welsh for caring enough to devote the time to address this glitch in our criminal justice intelligence information systems.

Sexual Assault Awareness March in New York City

A group of concerned citizens is interested in organizing a march/rally this summer in New York City in support of better education against sexual abuse and assault.
One high school student had this experience with their school’s Family Life Education program:
"In my high school, only the 9th and 10th graders are required to take health education, only one week of which is focused on sexual education, only one day of which is focused on sexual assault. This means that only three hours in the entire school career educates young people about how to prevent or cope with sexual abuse and assault! I am a Junior, and therefore am not required to take part in the Family Life Education for this year. However, last year’s class on rape went as follows: we watched a short video about a rape victim which most students slept through. We were then required to read a few different scenarios and decide whether or not they were raped (all of which were carefully worded so as not to be upsetting to anyone). Most of the male students were vehement in their insistence that obviously criminal sexual situations were not rape. After that class, the topic was dropped and never brought up again."  (Read More)

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Forensic News
DNA News From Around the United States and Abroad

The following news summaries in this section are reprinted with permission from the DNA Legislation & News, published by Smith Alling Lane.


Hawaii - Legislation passed to require DNA from all convicted felons, bringing the US total to 41 states with such laws

Massachusetts HB 650 - Eliminates the statute of limitations for rape if DNA evidence is available.

North Carolina SB 746 - Expands offender DNA database to include all violent felony arrests, plus stalking and assault on a handicapped person.

Pennsylvania SB 439 - Creates the Sexual Assault Testing and Evidence Collection Act. Provides for the development of rape kit minimum standards.

Britain proposes legal change to help police identify tsunami victims." Agence France Presse, March 17, 2005. In England, the British government proposed changing the law to allow police to use the national fingerprint and DNA databases to identify British victims of December’s Asian Tsunami. "As the law currently stands, neither the fingerprint nor DNA databases can be used for purposes not related to crime," a Home Office spokeswoman said. However, she said the government is proposing an amendment to the Serious and Organized Crime and Police Bill to change this "anomaly". Around one-fifth of adult men in Britain have either their DNA or fingerprints logged on the databases, which mainly holds the details of those with criminal convictions or who have been arrested, but released without charge."

DNA Funding Issues

Federal - NIJ has awarded $14 million in grants for cold case squads to review unsolved crimes for potential DNA testing. 38 awards were selected out of 132 proposals. See details on these programs at
Oregon - Private citizens have donated more than $14,000 to assist with the state’s DNA backlog. So far, the samples tested with this money have resulted in cold hits in 8 cases—including an unsolved homicide and a rape.
Massachusetts - DNA from a suspect identified a killer in the Worthington murder—12 months after the sample was initially collected from the suspect. Resulting attention to the DNA backlog has legislators searching for more funding for the lab.
"Senate panel revisits ’03 cuts." San Antonio Express-News, March 22, 2005. In Texas, the Senate budget proposal would send 50 full-time workers into the state’s crime labs to ease a backlog on DNA testing.
"Opinions; For third year, crime lab faces fiscal problems." Daily Advertiser, March 18, 2005. Editorial in Louisiana urges funding for the Acadiana crime lab. "Expertise in DNA sampling and in other advanced techniques for solving crimes and establishing guilt or innocence is crucial to law enforcement. We have that expertise at the Acadiana Crime Lab, and it has been used effectively to enhance the pursuit of justice. This vital resource, however constantly faces money problems." (Read More)

DNA Challenges

"Court upholds law requiring people on probation to submit DNA." The Associated Press State & Local Wire, March 22, 2005. The 3rd District US Court of Appeals has upheld the constitutionality of the federal DNA database law. By a 2-1 vote, a three-judge panel ruled the government’s interest in building a tool to help solve crime outweighed the privacy interests of criminal offenders. The defendant in this case was a man who was serving a parole period when the federal law came into effect. Writing for the majority, Judge Jane R. Roth said while a similar intrusion into an "ordinary citizen’s" privacy would be unconstitutional, prisoners and people on probation do not enjoy the same level of liberty. An appeal is planned.
"Police chief says crime lab should be accredited within 90 days." The Associated Press State & Local Wire, March 16, 2005. In Texas, the Houston Police Chief said the Department’s troubled crime lab—with the exception of its DNA section—should be accredited within 90 days. The Legislature has charged the Texas Department of Public Safety with making sure all laboratories in the state are accredited by September. If labs are unable to meet the deadline, their evidence must be shipped to an accredited lab for it to be admissible at trial. The DNA section has not operated since 2002 and likely will not be operational for months. The Department is using private vendors to analyze DNA evidence at a cost of about $1.5 million a year."
"Accreditation is a must for Texas crime labs." San Antonio Express-News, March 21, 2005. Editorial regarding accreditations of labs in Texas. Excerpt reads: "The national accreditation board appears to be doing a good job keeping tabs on operations of the crime labs over which it has oversight. Lawmakers should make accreditation by the national group a requirement for all crime labs in Texas. The state should not reinvent the wheel and attempt to establish its own accreditation measures when effective national standards are already in place. A proposal for creating a Texas Forensic Science Commission to oversee crime lab operations addresses concerns that crime lab directors would be monitoring themselves. The commission proposed by Whitmire would wisely allow a group of professionals outside the crime lab community to investigate misconduct and negligence."

DNA Hits

Vermont—Cold hits were made on the state’s DNA database shortly after it came on-line with CODIS. One of the hits was for Patty Scoville’s murder, whose parents have been DNA database advocates and instrumental in establishing Vermont’s DNA database. Backlog problems resulted in a five-year wait on the analysis of the killer.
"DNA ties suspect to ’03 murder, prosecution claims." The Columbian (Vancouver, WA), March 22, 2005. DNA collected from a mask and a hat used during a robbery in which a man was killed has been linked to one of the suspects in the case. Because of a backlog at the state crime lab, it was 16 months before DNA from a hat and mask were matched to one of the suspects.
"A kid goes bad, and blame is passed around." Star-Tribune (Minneapolis, MN), March 20, 2005. In Minnesota, a boy who is now 17 has been connected to two rapes (one in 2003 and another in 2004) through the DNA database. His DNA sample was originally included on the database after he pleaded guilty to an indecent conduct charge for exposing himself to two female students in July 2003.
"Man arrested after DNA evidence links him to 3 sexual assault cases." The associated Press State & Local Wire, March 18, 2005. In Arizona, police have arrested a man in connection with three sexual assaults and one attempted sexual assault, thanks to DNA evidence. The man was originally arrested after police responded to a suspicious-activity call north of the University of Arizona campus. (Read More)
Florida—a serial rapist in Miami has been identified through a cold hit on the DNA database. He has been charged with 6 rapes and police are investigating his involvement in another 8 assaults.

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Informational Resources

Appropriate Waiver for Sexual Assault Victims
A number of the Promising Practices articles during the past year have been dedicated to evaluating criminal justice responses to false versus unfounded allegations and some of the methods often used to close these difficult cases. SATI, Inc. recently provided two days training for NCIS agents at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center in Georgia. SATI’s Training Director, Joanne Archambault, was pleased to find that NCIS uses one of the best waivers she’s seen. Specifically, the form documents that the victim has had the opportunity to consult with a victim advocate or other person before making the decision to suspend the investigation. The form also makes it clear that the victim is either unwilling or unable to participate at that time, but that he/she can change her mind at a later time. The form is currently titled "Victim Preference Statement". NCIS is evaluating a change in the title. Perhaps a more appropriate title would simply be "Affidavit of Suspension."
I have had the opportunity to consult with a victim advocate, counselor or other person(s) of my choosing before making the following decision (circle one)


I have been informed of my rights as a crime victim under the Victim/Witness Assistance Program, including my right to consult a counselor or victim advocate. I am aware that a counselor or victim advocate will provide me information that may assist me in deciding whether to participate in the criminal investigation.
At this time, I have decided not to provide additional information or participate in the investigation and in the prosecution of the suspect. I understand that the investigation may be closed. If the investigation continues, the chances that the suspect will be brought to justice are greatly reduced without my assistance.
I further understand that I may change my mind and provide information for this investigation at a later time. In that event, however, I understand that the delay may affect the investigative finding and the successful prosecution of the suspect.
I make this decision freely and voluntarily.
Victim’s Signature

Victim’s Printed Name

Witnessed by:


Voices of Courage, Inspiration from Survivors of Sexual Assault
From tragedy to triumph, inspiring lessons unfold in this one-of-a-kind book by twelve survivors of sexual assault. An eye-opening journal of personal growth and recovery. Voices Of Courage will forever change your perspective on life after sexual assault.
All of the proceeds go directly to Rape Crisis Agencies, and when people begin to buy the book, each survivor gets to make a $500 donation with book profits to the sexual trauma agency of their choice. The book is designed to be healing and empowering for both service providers as well as survivors themselves. This book is now available for $15.00. A 4 CD set is also available for $24.95. The actual survivors read their chapters to you. Plus, you get to listen to the survivors being interviewed at the end of each chapter—a bonus only available on the CD’s. If you order a special package with the CD and the book, the cost is $27.90.
PCAR, NSVRC Offer Online Library
Both the National Sexual Violence Resource Center and PCAR library databases are searchable by the general public through the PCAR web site at (Go to the Resources/Library section.) Users may search both the PCAR and NSVRC collections simultaneously or limit their search to just one collection at a time. They may search by keyword, author, title or subject and may limit searches to specific media types such as videos, books or posters or to materials in a language such as Spanish. Links to online articles will appear in the library record for those available via the Internet. After finding materials, users may email or print their results.
Understanding Sexual Violence in the Deaf Community
It is estimated that 83% of women with disabilities will be sexually assaulted in their lifetime (Stipson & Best, 1991). Moreover, evidence suggests that women with disabilities are abused by a greater number of perpetrators and for longer periods of time than non-disabled women (Young, Nosek, Howland, Chapong, & Rintala, 1997). In addition, Deaf and hard of hearing women may be more likely to have a history of childhood sexual abuse than their hearing counterparts (Sullivan, Vernon & Scanlan, 1987) As reported in the January/February 2005 issue of Sexual Assault Report, "Research has barely begun to address whether women with specific disabilities or deafness seek help after being victimized, who they seek help from, and how service providers and law enforcement officials can be most responsive to their needs. In a study conducted by Sadusky and Obinna in 2002, a series of focus groups were conducted with 27 women with disabilities or who were deaf. Findings suggest that women with disabilities face an almost complete lack of understanding from community-based service providers. For further details, click on: Understanding Sexual Violence in the Deaf Community: A Preliminary Report on the Service Provider Perspective, Obinna, Jennifer, Council on Crime and Justice, March 2005.
Title IX Requires Colleges & Universities To Eliminate The Hostile Environment Caused By Campus Sexual Assault

This new guide "Title IX Requires Colleges & Universities To Eliminate The Hostile Environment Caused By Campus Sexual Assault" was produced as a part of SOC's (Security on Campus) new Legal Internship program, and written by Holly Hogan a third year law student at Harvard. It is a compilation of key information from federal court rulings, guidance issued by the U.S. Department of Education (ED), and findings issued by the ED's Office for Civil Rights as a part of their Title IX enforcement actions.

"American Indians and Crime: A BJS Statistical Profile, 1992-2002" is available from the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) website.
This 56 page document summarizes data on American Indians in the criminal justice system and reports the rates and characteristics of violent crimes experienced by American Indians. This report updates a previous BJS report, American Indians and Crime, published in 1999. The findings include the involvement of alcohol, drugs, and weapons in violence against Indians.

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Upcoming Conferences

  • Third National SART Training Conference, June 1 - 3, 2005, San Francisco Hilton, San Francisco, CA Please log on to today to download a copy of the registration brochure and the Agenda/Speaker/Workshop listing

  • 2005 National Victim Assistance Academy, June 5-10, 2005, Fresno, CA – Topeka, KS For registration information, contact the Joint Center on Violence and Victim Studies (785) 231-1010, ext. 1339 or 1242. E-mail:

  • 9th International Family Violence Research Conference, July 10-13, 2005, Sheraton Harborside Hotel, Portsmouth, New Hampshire. For details, go to

  • The National Institute of Justice announces the Annual Conference on Criminal Justice Research and Evaluation: Evidence-Based Policies and Practices, July 18-20, 2005, at the JW Marriott in Washington, DC. The conference website and on-line registration is now available at

  • NIJ/MAPS announces the 8th Annual Crime Mapping Research Conference. The conference is to be held, September 7 - 10, 2005 at the Savannah Westin Golf & Spa Resort, in Savannah, Georgia. This year's theme is Research & Practice Affecting Public Policy. This conference, hosted by the National Institute of Justice's MAPS program, brings together researchers and practitioners to learn about recent innovative research and share practical experiences with crime mapping & analysis. Additional information is available at

  • National Sexual Assault Conference, September 28-30, 2005 at the Sheraton Station Square in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. A national conference on sexual violence prevention and Intervention (formerly the Mid-Atlantic Sexual Assault Conference) Hosted by PCAR and NSVRC.

  • EVAW International presents an International Conference on Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence & Stalking ~ October 3, 4 & 5, 2005 in the beautiful Inner Harbor of Baltimore, MD. Register early! Visit the Baltimore Conference Home Page for registration forms and conference information. The full agenda, abstracts for each session and biographical sketches for presenters are viewable now.

  • 17th Annual COVA (Colorado Organization for Victim Assistance) Conference, November 13-16, 2005, Keystone, Colorado. This is a fantastic organization doing incredible work. The conference includes 60+ workshops in 11 program tracks and a number of pre-conference skill-building sessions. Within each program track, at least one session will include coverage of rural issues.

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[1] The American College of Emergency Room Physicians recommends HIV counseling and follow-up testing if the victim presents within 72 hours of the exposure, in order to establish the HIV status at the time of the assault or abuse. When providing guidelines for emergency pregnancy prophylaxis, the College recommends that the first dose should be given within 72 hours of the alleged event. The form for informed consent for emergency pregnancy prevention states that: “I understand that the medication should be started as soon as convenient after unprotected sex and should be started within 3 days (72 hours) of that sex. I understand that ECPs are effective if used within 72 hours in about 75% of the cases. Effectively, this lowers the risk of pregnancy from about 8 per 100 to about 2 per 100.”

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